There are a variety of kinds of eye accidents that can take place, with varying degrees of severity. Some may require emergency action and immediate care by an eye doctor, while others can be dealt with at home. Follow these guidelines for routine eye injuries, to figure out the next move following an accident. Don't forget that general safety measures such as using protective goggles or glasses may be the best way to keep your eyes safe.
A corneal abrasion (scratched eye) is on the more serious end of the spectrum. It can cause serious harm in a short amount of time and possibly result in blindness. Scratches are normally caused by a poke in the eye, or rubbing the eye when there is dust in it. Because a scratch can make your eye susceptible to fungal infection it's crucial to visit your optometrist or an emergency room. The best advice for a scratched eye is to cover it loosely and to see your eye doctor as quickly as possible to check it out. Rubbing the eye will only cause greater damage and completely covering the eye provides the ideal environment for bacteria.
Chemical exposure is another serious type of eye injury. It is often scary when your are splashed in the eye by a potentially dangerous liquid. The first thing to ascertain is what substance went into your eye. A chemical's basic makeup can make a world of a difference. Although acids can result in considerable redness and burning, they can be washed out pretty easily. However, alkali chemicals that are bases can be more severe even though they don't appear to be since they don't result in as much initial burning or swelling as acids.
Though no one ever wants to anticipate an eye injury, it's always good to have a plan for what to do in potentially hazardous emergencies. By following these guidelines you can be assured that you'll be ready to face most common eye injuries. Don't forget, extra safety precautions can help prevent this type of injuries from the get go so consult with your eye doctor about preventative eye care !